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The fractional Sturm-Liouville problem

Last modified: 2023-05-15

#### Abstract

In this talk, we consider the $n$-dimensional fractional Sturm-Liouville eigenvalue problem, by using fractional versions of the gradient operator involving left and right Riemann-Liouville fractional derivatives. We study the main properties of the eigenfunctions and the associated eigenvalues of the associated fractional boundary problem. More precisely, we show that the eigenfunctions are orthogonal and the eigenvalues are real and simple. Moreover, using techniques from fractional variational calculus, we prove in the main result that the eigenvalues are separated and form an infinite sequence, where the eigenvalues can be ordered according to increasing magnitude.

Joint with M. Ferreira (IPLeiria \& CIDMA) and N. Vieira (CIDMA)